HISTORY



The development of cognitive behavioral therapy in Latin America has a long history, reflected in the interest of professionals in creating regional associations. Concerning the creation of ALAPCCO (Federación Latinoamericana de Psicoterapias Cognitivas y Conductuales), the first antecedent was its participation in 1995 in the World Conference of Behavioural and Cognitive Therapies/WCBCT Copenhagen. In this event, we can highlight two central aspects for the creation of ALAPCCO: the union of both behavioral and cognitive approaches in the same conference; and the need to disseminate these therapies in Latin America. Argentinians such as Héctor Fernández-Álvarez, Claudia Bregman and Sara Baringolz, and Brazilians such as Cristiano Nabuco de Abreu and Paulo Knapp, were present in that Conference. In that context, Héctor Fernández-Álvarez had the idea of creating a regional space that might transcend national borders.

The first Task Group and the birth of ALAPCO: 1996-1999

In November 1, 1996, the Asociación Argentina de Terapia Cognitiva (AATC) called colleagues from Brazil (Bernard Rangé, Paulo Knapp and Cristiano Nabuco de Abreu), Chile (Augusto Zagmutt and Roberto Opazo) and Uruguay (Raquel Zamora) to participate in the First Latin American Symposium in Buenos Aires, Argentina, with the goal of congregating the cognitive therapists of this region and to foster creation of an institution for dissemination, development, clinical and theoretical exchange. This is considered ALAPCO´s foundational event and in time it was known as the First Latin American Conference of Cognitive Therapies (I CLAPCO) of what would eventually become, a few years later, the Asociación Latinoamericana de Psicoterapias Cognitivas (ALAPCO).

In 1998, the II Latin American Conference of Cognitive Therapies (II CLAPCO) and First Brazilian Conference of Cognitive Therapies was held, congregating numerous participants from Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Uruguay. The event was held in collaboration with the Associação Brasileira de Terapias Cognitivas (ABTC), that later became known as the Sociedade Brasileira de Terapias Cognitivas (SBTC), and is called Federação Brasileria de Terapias Cognitivas (FBTC) these days.

ALAPCO, with its institutional log but without bylaws so far, met one of its foundational goals, that is congregating clinicians and fostering dissemination. In this event, a task group was created for the writing of bylaws and also to support the organization of the next Conference. This group was formed by those who are considered today the founding members: Héctor Fernández-Álvarez and Claudia Bregman, for Argentina; Bernard Rangé and Paulo Knapp, for Brazil; Augusto Zagmutt, for Chile; and Raquel Zamora and Ileana Caputto for Uruguay. After holding several meetings and exchanging electronic correspondence, bylaws were signed in 1999, thus formalizing the foundation of ALAPCO. The first Board of Directors was created and Uruguay was chosen as the host for the next Conference, in the context of the VI Latini Dies in Río de Janeiro, Brazil.

Since then, ALAPCO has remained faithful to its initial mission and goals “dissemination, education and scientific research related to cognitive and behavioral therapies in Latin America”, to which the following specific goals were added:

A. To represent the member association before other national and/or international organizations, public or private, disseminating its work and defending their interests;

B. To promote, support and organize events and dissemination materials, training and exchanges (such as Conferences, workshops, seminars, etc.) of knowledge related to behavioral and cognitive therapies in Latin America;

C. To promote and support scientific research in the field of cognitive and behavioral therapies;

D. To provide scientific counseling to members and affiliate groups, when requested;

E. To promote and support community activities based on cognitive and behavioral therapies that may promote mental health in Latin America.

A proof of constancy and perseverance may be found in the upcoming descripting of the Conferences held until these days, so as the different Board of Directors and the important changes, in chronological order.

The first Board of Directors: 1999-2000

President: Raquel Zamora (Uruguay)

Vicepresident: Augusto Zagmutt (Chile)

First secretary: Claudia Bregman (Argentina)

Second secretary: Paulo Knapp (Brazil)

Treasurer: José Lima (Uruguay)

Members: Mateo Ferrer (Chile) - Cristiano Nabuco de Abreu (Brazil) - Lydia Tineo (Argentina)

Once the association is formalized, the III Latin American Conference of Cognitive Therapies (III CLAPCO) is held in 2000 in Montevideo, Uruguay. That Conference was organized in collaboration with the Sociedad Uruguaya de Análisis y Modificación de la Conducta (SUAMOC), and was chaired by Raquel Zamora.

In the Conference, and in agreement with the bylaws, a General Assembly was held in which the steering committee informed about the work conducted in the period and a new Board of Directors was elected. Santiago/Chile was selected to host the following Conference. In that meeting Colombia was incorporated as ALAPCO member.

The second Board of Directors: 2000 – 2002

President: Augusto Zagmutt (Chile)

Vicepresident: Bernard Rangé (Brasil)

First secretary: Elyzabeth de León (Chile)

Second secretary: Lydia Tineo (Argentina)

Treasurer: Mateo Ferrer (Chile)

Past President: Raquel Zamora (Uruguay)

Members: Ileana Caputto (Uruguay) - Paulo Knapp (Brazil) - Claudia Bregman (Argentina)

In 2002, the IV Latin American Conference of Cognitive Psychotherapies (IV CLAPCO) was held in Santiago/Chile. Thus, one of the goals of the association was met, that is promoting the organization of the Asociación Chilena de Psicoterapias Cognitivas (APSICO), gathering cognitive therapists of Chile. This Conference was organized in collaboration with APSICO and chaired by Augusto Zagmutt. Porto Alegre/Brazil was chosen as the next city to host the ALAPCO Conference. The third Board of Directors was elected.

The third Board of Directors: 2002 – 2004

President: Bernard Rangé (Brazil)

Vicepresident: LydiaTineo (Argentina)

First secretary: Ileana Caputto (Uruguay)

Second secretary: Claudia Maggi (Chile)

Treasurer: Helene Shinohara (Brazil)

Past President: Augusto Zagmutt (Chile)

Members: María Clara Rodriguez (Colombia) - Cristiano Nabuco de Abreu (Brazil) - Claudia Bregman (Argentina)

The V Latin American Conference of Cognitive Psychotherapies (V CLAPCO) was held in Porto Alegre/Brazil, in 2004. This Conference was organized in collaboration with SBTC (Sociedade Brasileira de Terapias Cognitivas) and chaired by Bernard Rangé. Buenos Aires/Argentina was chosen as the next city to host the Conference in 2006. Venezuela became a member of the association. The new Board of Directors was elected for the 2004-2006 period.

The fourth Board of Directors: 2004-2006

President: Héctor Fernández-Álvarez (Argentina)

Vicepresident. Elizabeth de Leo (Chile)

First secretary: Ileana Caputto (Uruguay)

Second secretary: María Clara Rodriguez (Colombia)

Treasurer: Lydia Tineo (Argentina)

Past President: Bernard Rangé (Brasil)

Members: Felicitas Kort (Venezuela) - Margareth de Oliveira (Brasil) - Juan Yañez (Chile)

The VI Latin American Conference of Cognitive Psychotherapies (VI CLAPCO), was held in 2006 in Buenos Aires/Argentina. This Conference was organized in collaboration with the AATC (Asociación Argentina de Terapia Cognitiva) and chaired by Héctor Fernández-Álvarez. In its General Assembly, Uruguay was chosen to host the following Conference. Also, Peru, Paraguay and Panama were incorporated to ALAPCO.

A decision was made to continue participating in the international conferences of cognitive therapies. In 2007, during the World Conference for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies in Barcelona, attended by delegates from all the countries members of ALAPCO, a meeting was held with Arthur Freeman with the aim of present ALAPCO and to be recognized by the International Association of Cognitive Psychotherapies (IACP) and by the board responsible for organizing the World Conferences. Arthur Freeman proposed that ALAPCO organized an international conference. At the end of this assembly, the fifth Board of Directors is elected.

The fifth Board of Directors: 2006- 2008

President: Ileana Caputto (Uruguay)

Vicepresident: María Clara Rodríguez (Colombia)

First secretary: Elizabeth León (Chile)

Second secretary: Andrés Sánchez (Argentina)

Treasurer: Reyna Lucadame (Uruguay)

Past president: Hector Fernández Álvarez (Argentina)

Members: Margareth da Silva Oliveira (Brasil) - Augusto Zagmutt (Chile) - Claudia Bregman (Argentina)

The VII Latin American Conference of Cognitive Psychotherapies (VII CLAPCO) was held in Montevideo/Uruguay. This conference was organized in collaboration with SUAMOC (Sociedad Uruguaya de Análisis y Modificación de la Conducta) and was chaired by Ileana Caputto. The General Assembly chose Colombia to host the following conference, in order to expand dissemination to other countries of the association, and the new Board of Directors was elected.

The sixth Board of Directors: 2008- 2010

President: María Clara Rodríguez (Colombia)

Vicepresident: Claudia Bregman (Argentina)

First secretary: Elizabeth León (Chile)

Second secretary: Renato Caminha (Brasil)

Treasurer: Cristina Castro (Colombia)

Past president: Ileana Caputto (Uruguay)

Members: Sandra Fagua (Colombia) - María Esther Lagos (Uruguay) - Andrés Sánchez (Argentina)

The VIII Latin American Conference of Cognitive Psychotherapies (VIII CLAPCO) was held in Bogota, Colombia, in 2010. This Conference was organized in collaboration with the Universidad de la Sabana and the Colegio Colombiano de Psicólogos, and chaired by María Clara Rodríguez. In the General Assembly, Panama and Peru were incorporated, and Brazil was chosen to host of the next conference. The new Board of Directors was elected.

The seventh Board of Directors: 2010- 2012

President: Claudia Bregman (Argentina)

Vicepresident: Margareth da Silva Oliveira (Brazil)

First secretary: María Esther Lagos (Uruguay)

Treasurer: Andrés Sánchez (Argentina)

Past President: María Clara Rodriguez (Colombia)

Members: Pedro Reyes (Peru) - Roberto Mainieri (Panama) - Juan Yañez (Chile)

The IX Latin American Conference of Cognitive Psychotherapies (IX CLAPCO) was celebrated in Rio de Janeiro/Brazil, in 2012. This conference was organized in collaboration with the FBTC (Federação Brasileira de Terapias Cognitivas), and was chaired by Bernard Rangé. A new Board of Directors was elected and Lima/Peru was chosen as the next venue for the conference.

The eight Board of Directors: 2012-2015

President: Bernard Rangé (Brazil)

Vicepresident: María Esther Lagos (Uruguay)

First secretary: Margareth Oliveira (Brazil)

Second secretary: Andres Sanchez (Argentina)

Treasurer: Pedro Reyes Mispiretta (Peru)

Past President: Claudia Bregman (Argentina)

Members: Augusto Zagmut (Chile) - Roberto Maineri (Panama) - Carmem Beatriz Neufeld (Brasil)

Due to problems with the organization in Peru, the conference was move to Santiago/Chile. In 2015 the X Latin American Conference of Cognitive Psychotherapies (X CLAPCO) was held in the city of Santiago, in collaboration with APSICO and chaired by Juan Yañes. Being mindful of the new times and processes of change in the theoretical, socioprofessional and political framework, it was decided that ALAPCO should become a federation and its formal name be changed to Federación Latinoamericana de Psicoterapias Cognitivas y Conductuales, changing the name ALAPCO into the trademark ALAPCCO. This process was formalized on the following conference. It was also decided to hold conferences every three years. The assembly incorporated Paraguay as a member. Argentina was chosen to host the following conference, and a new Board of Directors was elected.

The ninth Board of Directors: 2015 – 2019

President: María Esther Lagos (Uruguay)

Vicepresident: Carmem Beatriz Neufeld (Brazil)

First secretary: Santiago Trujillo Lemus (Colombia)

Second secretary: David Adasme (Chile)

Treasurer: Andrés Sánchez (Argentina)

Past President: Bernard Rangé (Brazil)

Members: Maria Celeste Airaldi (Paraguay) - Roberto Manieri (Panamá) - Ileana Caputto (Uruguay)

The Board of Directors maintained the policy of incorporating new member countries, such as Ecuador and the Dominican Republic and advancing with the writing of new bylaws. In 2018, ALAPCCO was invited to participate in three activities in the World Conference of Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies to be held in Berlin, in July 2019. It also integrated the Scientific International Advisory Board of the World Conference.

Although Buenos Aires had been chosen to host the following ALAPCCO conference, the venue had to be changed. Therefore, in 2019, the XI Latin American Conference of Cognitive and Behavioral Therapies (XI CLAPCCO) took place in Fortaleza/Brazil, jointly with the Brazilian Conference of Cognitive Therapies in collaboration with the FBTC (Federação Brasileira de Terapias Cognitivas) and chaired by Bernad Rangé. The new bylaws were approved and signed by the General Assembly, and Uruguay was chosen to host the following Conference, and Colombia was selected as an alternative venue. A new Board of Directors was elected. One of its main tasks was to register the new bylaws in Brazil.

The tenth Board of Directors: 2019 – 2022

President: Carmem Beatriz Neufeld (Brazil)

Vicepresident: Maria Celeste Airaldi (Paraguay)

First secretary: Santiago Trujillo Lemus (Colombia)

Second secretary: Ileana Caputto (Uruguay)

Treasurer: Margareth Oliveira (Brazil)

Past President: María Esther Lagos (Uruguay)

Members: Eduardo Keegan (Argentina) - David Adasme (Chile)

We would not want to come to the end of this report of the story of ALAPCCO without highlighting that, from 1996 to the present day, the Board of Directors met continuously. At first, meetings were held in person, with 1 to 4 meetings a year. Since the advent of electronic means of communication – Skype but also Whatsapp groups - meetings are conducted online, favoring a constant exchange. Since the implementation of the new bylaws, in addition to the Advisory Counsil and the Board of Directors, ALAPCCO counts also with an extended board enhanced with three additional representatives from each member country. These actions aim to enhance the democratic values of ALAPCCO, seeking to help members to share the conduction of the organization in a collaborative manner.